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Male, US, born 1864-05-08, died 1931-07-03

Associated with the firms network

Caukin and Haas, Architects; Howard and Galloway, Architects and Engineers; Howard, Cauldwell and Morgan, Architects; Howard, John Galen, and Associates, Architects; Howard, John Galen, Architect; Wood, James M., Architect


Professional History

Résumé

Draftsman, Henry Hobson Richardson, Architect, Brookline, MA, c. 1885-1886.

Draftsman, Shepley, Rutan, and Coolidge, Architects, Brookline, MA, c. 1886.

Draftman, Caukin and Haas, Architects, Los Angeles, CA, c. 1887.

Draftsman, James M. Wood, Chicago, IL, c. 1887. James M. Wood (born 1841) was known for his wide practice in theatre design across the US. In 1903, Howard would work with James Wood on the design of the Majestic Theatre in Boston, MA. Howard designed the exterior building envelope, while Wood created the theatre's interior design. The Majestic opened on 02/16/1903 and seated 1,867 people. (See Andrew Craig Morrison, Theaters, [New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Incorporated, p. 153.)

Draftsman, McKim, Mead, and White, Architects, Boston, MA, and New York, NY, c. 1889.

Partner, Howard and [Samuel] Cauldwell, Architects, New York, NY, 1895-c. 1901.

Supervising Architect, University of California, Berkeley (UCB), 1901-11/22/1924.

Partner, Howard and [John Debo] Galloway, Architects and Engineers, San Francisco, CA, 06/1906-10/1908; at this time, Howard worked with John D. Galloway, William Charles Hays, A.H. Markwart.

Principal, John Galen Howard, Architect, San Francisco, CA, 11/1908-1923.

Partner, John Galen Howard and Associates, San Francisco, CA, 09/1923-1931; between 1923-1927, this firm consisted of Howard, his son, Henry Temple Howard, E. Geoffrey Bangs (1889-1977), Henry C. Collins, and Charles F.B. Roeth. In 1924, the firm maintained its headquarters in Room #500 of the 1st National Bank Building, San Francisco, CA. According to architectural historian, Sally Woodbridge, his last business partner was Bangs. (See Sally Woodbridge, John Galen Howard and the University of California, [Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002], p. 172.)

Teaching

Professor, University of California, Berkeley (UCB), School of Architecture, Berkeley, CA, 1903-1929;

Director, University of California, Berkeley (UCB), School of Architecture, Berkeley, CA, 1913-1927. While Howard left the Director's post of the School of Architecture, he continued to serve on its faculty until 1929, when his health began to deteriorate. By 1930, he had suffered from shingles, kidney disease and heart problems.

Professional Service

Howard was one of the most active teacher-architects of his time on the Pacific Coast.

Member, Advisory Board of Architects for the Perpetuation of the Phoebe Hearst Architectural Plan for the University of California, c. 1899-1901.

Supervising Architect, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 1903-1924.

Advisory Member, Reconstruction Committee of San Francisco, following the earthquake of 04/18/1906.

President, Beaux-Arts Society, San Francisco, CA, 1907-1908.

Member, Board of Directors, American Institute of Architects (AIA), 1910-1913, overlapping by two years with the Los Angeles architect, Alfred Faist Rosenheim (1859-1943), who served from 1911-1914.

Member, Architectural Advisory Committee, San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition, 1913-1915.

Member, San Francisco Civic Center Architectural Advisory Board, c. 1913.

Professional Awards

Fellow, American Institute of Architects (FAIA), 1901.

Education

Education

Howard attended secondary school at the Boston Latin School, Boston, MA.

B.S., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, c. 1883-1885.

Coursework, École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1890-1893; he studied in the Atelier of Victor Laloux (1850-1937), whose studio was particularly popular with American students at the École. His 1918 US Passport application corroborated that he had been absent from the US between 1890 and 1893.

Personal

Relocation

John Galen Howard was born in Chelmsford, MA, on 05/08/1864. He resided in Chelmsford with his family as per the US Census of 1870. The household consisted of his parents, Levi and Lydia Hapgood Howard, five of his six siblings, a maternal aunt, Adaline Hapgood, (born c. 1835 in ME), who worked as a teacher, and a domestic servant, Anne Gallagher, (born c. 1832 in Ireland).

He attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, MA, from c. 1883-1885. He worked for Henry Hobson Richardson's Brookline, MA, office in 1886, and, thereafter, spent a year in Los Angeles, CA, in 1887.

He returned to the East, landing a job in McKim, Mead and White's prestigious New York, NY, office. He traveled to Paris for coursework at the École des Beaux Arts from 1890-1893.

On his return from Europe, he resettled in New York, opening an architectural practice with Samuel Cauldwell. Howard moved his family residence to Upper Montclair, NJ, by c. 1899, and lived there until moving West in 1902. According to the US Census of 1900, Howard and his family lived on Mountain Road in Upper Montclair. They retained a young Swiss servant, Martha Baumann, (born c. 12/1881). In 1900-1901, Howard served on the Board of Architects.for the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, NY, and produced the design for the dazzling Electric Tower at the exposition.

He relocated from the East Coast to Berkeley, CA, in 1902. He lived in two residences in Berkeley, the first at 2421 Ridge Road (1903-1912) and the second, "Rose Leroy," 1486 Greenwood Terrace, (built for the Warren and Sadie Gregory Family and rented to the Howards), where they remained between 1912 and 1923. In 1910, the Howards and their five children lived at 2421 Ridge Road with a servant, Lena Johnson (born c. 1865 in Sweden). (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation Year: 1910; Census Place: Berkely, Alameda, California; Roll: T624_72; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 0046; FHL microfilm: 1374085, accessed 01/02/2019.)

A significant fire on 09/17/1923 burned many residences in the hills above Berkeley and Oakland, including Rose Leroy. After the fire, he and his wife lived in various locations for brief periods; they first moved to Castle Court, a rowhouse on Russian Hill in San Francisco and then back to Berkeley in the latter half of 1925. In 1926, they found a rowhouse at 1017 Vallejo Street across from the former house of their friend, Reverend Joseph Worcester (d. 06/1913). They returned to an apartment at 2631 Durant Avenue in Berkeley in 1928.

After 1915, he left Berkeley during three main periods: 1917-1919, 1924-1925 and 1929. He spent much of his 1917 sabbatical at his Carmel residence writing his poetry works, "Brunelleschi" and "Pheidias." After America's entry into World War I, he spent 1918-1920 assisting the Red Cross in France. His wife, Mary, spent the year 1920 living abroad with him.

During 1924-1925, Howard took a second sabbatical in the Middle East and Europe. He and Mary lived in Cassis, France, during the first half of 1925. Mary reapplied for a US passport on 09/29/1924 to spend one year in France, Italy, Spain, England and other countries, sailing in 10/1924. (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington D.C.; Volume #: Volume 22: Special Series-San Francisco. Source Information: U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007, accessed 01/02/2019.) John and Mary's son, John Langley Howard, applied for a US passport on 03/28/1923 to spend an extended period studying painting in France and Italy, leaving in 04/1924. His presence abroad may have served as an added incentive (aside from the fire) for them to travel during the 1924-1925 period. (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington D.C.; Roll #: 2208; Volume #: Roll 2208 - Certificates: 261350-261849, 29 Mar 1923-30 Mar 1923, accessed 01/02/2019.)

He journeyed back to France and Spain with his wife and daughter in 1929; returning to the US that year, he and his wife stopped in Bridgewater, MA, to do genealogical research on John Howard, an ancestor who worked as a carpenter in that city. He died of a heart attack in San Francisco in 1931.

Parents

His parents were Dr. Levi Howard, Jr., (born 05/26/1820 in Bolton, MA-d. 01/23/1885 in Chelmsford, MA), a physician, and Lydia Jane Hapgood (born 05/16/1827 in Waterford, ME-d. 04/11/1893 in Chelmsford, MA), a homemaker. They married on 04/19/1846. Levi had four brothers, two of whom became physicians, one an actor. Lydia was the daughter of Sprout Hapgood (born c. 1794-d. 09/23/1849 in ME) of Waterford, ME and Elizabeth "Betsey" Sawin Hapgood (b. 1797). (See Henry P. Warren, William Warren, and Samuel Warren, The History of Waterford, Oxford County, Maine, [Portland, ME: Hoyt, Fogg and Donham, 1879, p. 290.) Sprout Hapgood served as the Postmaster of Waterford, ME, appointed in 1834.

John Galen's six siblings included Sarah Elizabeth Howard (born 1848 in MA-d. 09/17/1849 in Chelmsford, MA) Jennie Lind Howard Willoughby (born 07/08/1850 in MA), George Levi Howard (born 1852 in MA-d. c. 1874), Mary Howard Fowler (born 02/03/1855 in MA), Amasa Howard, kwown as "Lucy," (born 04/20/1857 in MA), Edwin Howard (born 05/18/1861 in MA). In 1870, the US Census listed Jenny as being a music teacher. She married James H. Willoughby, resided in Nashua, NH, and had seven children.

Spouse

On 08/01/1893, Howard married Mary Robertson Bradbury (born 12/22/1864 in Cambridge, MA-d. 1963 in Sunnyvale, CA), on 08/01/1893 in the Transfiguration Episcopal Chapel in New York, NY. She was the daughter of J.H. and Emily Olcott Robertson Bradbury, who resided in New York, NY, in 1893. (See Ancestry.com, Source Information: New York, Episcopal Diocese of New York Church Records, 1767-1970 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2017, accessed 01/02/2019.)

Varying dates have been given for Mary Howard's birth; the California Death Index noted it as 12/22/1864, and her death date as 06/24/1963. Massachusetts Birth Records indicated that she was born on 12/11/1864. (See Ancestry.com, Source Information: Massachusetts, Birth Records, 1840-1915 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013, accessed 01/02/2019.) A US passport application of 09/29/1924 confirmed the date to have been 12/22/1864.

Children

John Galen and Mary Bradbury had five highly creative offspring: Henry Temple Howard (1894-1967) was an architect who worked with his father; Robert Boardman Howard (born 1896 in New York, NY-d. 1983 in Santa Cruz, CA), became a well-known sculptor and married another noted Bay Area sculptor, Adaline Dutton Kent (1900-1957); other children included painter Charles Houghton Howard (1899-1978), artist John Langley Howard (1902-1999), and Janette Howard Wallace (born 02/23/1906 in Berkeley, CA-d. 06/22/1998 in Santa Cruz, CA).

Janette Wallace married Ralph Whitmore Wallace (1904-1952), and lived for many years in Palo Alto, CA.

Building Notes

Following H.H. Richardson's death in 04/1886, Howard left Brookline, MA, to work in the booming new city of Los Angeles in 1886-1887. Howard toured Europe in 1888. On 11/01/1888, Howard applied for a US passport in Boston. Granted on 11/03/1888, this document listed Howard as standing 6-feet, 1/2-inches tall, with blue eyes, a straight nose, light hair, high forehead, light complexion, small mouth, medium chin, and oval face. (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington D.C.; Roll #: 316; Volume #: Roll 316 - 01 Nov 1888-30 Nov 1888, accessed 01/02/2019.)

UCB benefactor Phoebe Apperson Hearst paid for Howard to tour Europe in 1900 to gather information on new mining buildings erected there; inspired by buildings by Henri Labrouste (1801-1875) and others, Howard designed the Hearst Mining Building at UCB completed in 1905.

In 05/1907, Howard assisted the City of Berkeley in overseeing the design of its new city hall, designed by Bakewell and Brown (1908-1909).

Howard and Galloway operated an office in Seattle, WA, on the grounds of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (AYPE) in 1909.

He visited the writer John Gneisenau Neihardt (1881-1973) in Bancroft, NB, in 1914, probably on the way to or from the East Coast. (The AIA's annual convention occurred between 12/02/1914-12/04/1914 in Washington, DC.) Neihardt was a poet and student of American Indian history, and was the author of Black Elk Speaks (1932), a narrative based on translated interviews with an Oglala Lakota medicine man, Black Elk (1863-1950).

Howard had a sabbatical in Europe in 1917, a spent 1918-1919 in Europe, working as a Captain with the Red Cross. Later, he assisted in the development of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) University in Europe. Howard applied for a US Passport on 08/02/1918, indicating that he intended to spend 6 years abroad doing Red Cross work in France, England and Italy. (The US passport form indicated that he would stay abroad for 6 years, but this could have been an error, and the duration may have been 6 months.) (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation National Archives and Records Administration [NARA]; Washington D.C.; Roll #: 567; Volume #: Roll 0567- Certificates: 30000-30249, 08 Aug 1918-10 Aug 1918, accessed 12/19/2018.)

He had a sabbatical (at two-thirds pay) from 07/01/1924-12/31/1924 and leave with no pay from 01/01/1925-06/30/1925 to continue travel in Europe. In 07/1927, Howard attended the Pan-American Congress of Architects in Buenos Aries, Argentina.



Associated Locations

  • Berkeley, CA (Architect's Death)
    Berkeley, CA

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    Howard and his wife lived in the Bertha Newell House, 2726 Haste Street, Berkeley, CA, at the end of his life.

  • Chelmsford, MA (Architect's Birth)
    Chelmsford, MA

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PCAD id: 367


NameDateCityState
1st Congregational Church #5, Oakland, CA1927OaklandCA
1st National Bank of Berkeley, Headquarters Building, Berkeley, CABerkeleyCA
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (AYPE), Auditorium, Seattle, WA 1908-1909SeattleWA
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (AYPE), Fine Arts Building, Seattle, WA1908-1909SeattleWA
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (AYPE), Lake Union Wharf, Seattle, WA 1908-1909SeattleWA
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (AYPE), Machinery Pavilion, Seattle, WA 1908-1909SeattleWA
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (AYPE), Site Plan, Seattle, WA1907-1909SeattleWA
Bank of Italy, Main Headquarters Building #2, San Francisco, CA1906San FranciscoCA
City and County of San Francisco, City Hall #5, San Francisco, CA1912-1915San FranciscoCA
City and County of San Francisco, Civic Center Plan, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
City of Berkeley, Public Library, Carnegie Branch, Berkeley, CA 1905BerkeleyCA
Empress Theatre, San Francisco, CA1910San FranciscoCA
Grant, Adam, Building, Financial District, San Francisco, CA1908San FranciscoCA
Gregory, Warren and Sadie, House #1, Greenwood Terrace, Berkeley, CA1904BerkeleyCA
Gregory, Warren and Sadie, House #2, Greenwood Terrace, Berkeley, CA1912BerkeleyCA
Majestic Theatre, Boston, MA1903BostonMA
Mason-McDuffie Company, Saint Francis Wood Tract, Front Gates, Saint Francis Wood, San Francisco, CA1914San FranciscoCA
Mason-McDuffie Company, Saint Francis Wood Tract, Saint Francis Fountain, Saint Francis Wood, San Francisco, CA1914San FranciscoCA
Mason-McDuffie Company, Saint Francis Wood Tract, Sales Office, Saint Francis Wood, San Francisco, CA1914San FranciscoCA
Mason-McDuffie Company, Saint Francis Wood, Tract, San Francisco, CA1912-1913San FranciscoCA
McDuffie, Duncan, House, Berkeley, CA1910BerkeleyCA
Newell, Bertha, House, Berkeley, CA1913BerkeleyCA
Oakland Unified School District, Emerson School, Oakland, CAOaklandCA
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (PPIE), Exposition Auditorium, San Francisco, CA1913-1915San FranciscoCA
Pan-American Exposition, Electric Tower, Buffalo, NY 1900-1901BuffaloNY
Spreckels, Claus, Office Building, San Francisco, CA1907San FranciscoCA
Strauss, Levi, Company, Headquarters Project, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Tacoma Theatre, Tacoma, WA 1888-1890TacomaWA
Union Oil Company of California (UNOCAL), Administration Building, Wilmington, Los Angeles, CA
University of California, Berkeley, Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, Campus Plan Competition, Berkeley, CA1898-1899BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Agriculture Hall, Berkeley, CA1912BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Boalt, John Henry, Hall #1, Berkeley, CA1911BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), California Hall, Berkeley, CA1905BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Campus Plan #3, Berkeley, CA1902
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Doe, Charles Franklin, Memorial, Library, Berkeley, CA1906-1911BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hearst Greek Theatre, Berkeley, CA1903BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hearst Memorial Mining Building, Berkeley, CA1903-1907BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, Campus Plan Competition Project, Howard, Cauldwell and Morgan Entry Project, Berkeley, CA1899BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hilgard Hall, Berkeley, CA1916-1917BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Memorial Stadium, Berkeley, CA1921-1923BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Naval Architecture Building, Berkeley, CA1914BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), North Gate Hall, Berkeley, CA1906BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Power House, Berkeley, CA1904BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Sather Gate and Bridge, Berkeley, CA1908-1910BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Sather Tower, Berkeley, CA1913-1914BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Wellman Hall, Berkeley, CA1912BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Wheeler, Benjamin Ide, Hall, Berkeley, CA1916BerkeleyCA
University of California Observatories (UCO) / Lick Observatory #1, Mount Hamilton, CA1880-1888Mount HamiltonCA
University of California, Pacific Grove, Biological Department Buildings, Pacific Grove, CAPacific GroveCA
Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), Oakland, CA
"Personals", American Architect, CXXIV: 2431, 18, 1923-10-24. "Greek Theatre at the University of California", American Architect, 104: 257, 12/31/1913. "Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in 1909", American Architect and Building News, 94: 153-154, 1908-11-11. Robertson, Dug, "Seismic considerations for Guastavino ceiling, vault, and dome construction", APT Bulletin, 30: 4, 51-58, 1999. Reid, John W., Jr., "The San Francisco Civic Center", Architect, XII: 4, 222, 1916-10. "Howard, John Galen, obituary", Architect and Engineer, 60, 08/1931. "Notes on the construction of steel frames for buildings Part II", Architect and Engineer of California, 30-33, 10/1906. "Howard assists City of Berkeley", Architect and Engineer of California, 85, 06/1907. "Howard and Galloway form partnership", Architect and Engineer of California, 71, 06/1906. "Buildings for Biological Department, University of California at Pacific Grove", Architect and Engineer of California, np after p 92, 05/1907. "Wheeler Hall, University of California, Berkeley", Architect and Engineer of California, 50: 1, 39-48, 07/1917. "Spreckels, Claus, Office Building, San Francisco", Architect and Engineer of California, 92, 10/1907. "Wheeler Hall", Architect & Engineer of California, 50: 1, 39-48, 7/1917. "Bank of Italy, San Francisco Article", Architect & Engineer of California, 89, 12/1906. Galloway, John Debo, "Notes on the construction of steel frames for buildings Part I", Architect & Engineer of California, 44-48, 09/1906. "Personal mention", Architect & Engineer of California, 77, 10/1908. "Benjamin Ide Wheeler Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California: John Galen Howard, architect", Architectural Forum, 28: 89, pl 38-40, 03/1918. Howard, John Galen, "The College Administration Building", Architectural Forum, XLIV: 6, 408, 06/1926. Howard, John Galen, "The College Administration Building", Architectural Forum, XLIV: 6, 408, 06/1926. Howard, John Galen, "The College Administration Building", Architectural Forum, XLIV: 6, 407, 06/1926. Howard, John Galen, "The College Administration Building", Architectural Forum, XLIV : 6, 402-404, 06/1926. Howard, John Galen, "The College Administration Building", Architectural Forum, XLIV: 6, 403, 406, 06/1926. "Howard, John Galen, Obituary", Architectural Record, 70: 278, 10/1931. "Our Exposition in Seattle", Architectural Record, 26: 24-32, 1909-07. "Hearst Memorial Mining Building, University of California", Architectural Record, 46: 583, 12/1919. Howard, John Galen, "The New University of California", Architectural Record, 267, 04/1908. Howard, John Galen, "The spirit of design at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts", Architectural Review (Boston), 5: 25-27, 1898. "Greek theaters, Pompeii : Greek theaters, Bradfield, Berkshire, and at Berkeley, Cal.", Architectural Review (Boston), 18 new series: 1, 26-27, 3/1912. Beach, John, "The Bay Area Tradition 1910-1918", Bay Area Houses, 76-80, 1988. Beach, John, "The Bay Area Tradition 1910-1918", Bay Area Houses, 76, 1988. Howard, John Galen, "Some recent buildings in California", Builder, 105: 664, 12/19/1913. "Restoring the historic roof", Clem Labine's Traditional Building, 14: 3, 116-117, 2001-05/06. Darvillé, Will, "Seattle et son exposition", Construction moderne, 25: 246-248, 1910-02-19. Eighteenth Annual Report of the Seattle Public Library 1908, 15, 1909. Gebhard, David, Winter, Robert, "Warren Gregory House, 1912", Guide to Architecture in San Francisco and Northern California, 258-259, 1985. Gebhard, David, Winter, Robert, "Warren Gregory House, 1903-06", Guide to Architecture in San Francisco and Northern California, 258, 1985. Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State An Environmental Perspective, 221, 1980. Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State An Environmental Perspective, 214, 1980. "California Hall, Hearst University, Berkeley, California", Inland Architect and News Record, 50: pl following p 8, "Architects Selected for A.Y.P. Building.", Interlaken, 46, 1, 1907-02-16. Partridge, Loren, John Galen Howard and the Berkeley Campus, 1989. Woodbridge, Sally Byrne, John Galen Howard and the University of California : the Design of a Great Public University Campus, c2002. Draper, Joan, "John Galen Howard", Journal of Architectural Education, 33: 2, 30-35, 11/1979. Draper, Joan E., "John Galen Howard", Journal of Architectural Education, 33: 2, 30-35, 11/1979. Bailey, Scott, "The Tacoma Theatre", Marquee, 29: 2, 4-17, 1997. Order, taste and grace in architecture: William Charles Hays, 1968. Fisk, Clotilde G., "The Greek Theatre at the University of California", Overland Monthly, series 2: 43, 143-145. Jones, Carolyn, "Good seats for a retrofit", Seattle Times, A3, 09/26/2008. Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, "Introduction, A Historical Overview of Architecture in Seattle", Shaping Seattle Architecture A Historical Guide to the Architects, xxv, 1994. "Union Oil Company Administration Building, Wilmington, CA, plans", Southwest Builder and Contractor, 12, col 3, 10/01/1920. "Howard, John Galen obituary", Southwest Builder and Contractor, 49, 07/24/1931. Edwards, Brian, University Architecture, 48, plate 2, 2000. Edwards, Brian, University Architecture, 78, 2000. Helfand, Harvey, "3. Sather Tower (The Campanile) and Sather Esplanade", University of California, Berkeley: An Architectural Tour, 44-50, 2002. "Residence of Duncan McDuffie, Berkeley", Western Architect, 26: pl 9-12, 09/1917. William Charles Hays architectural clipping books,