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Male, US, born 1882-07-19, died 1952-10-28

Associated with the firms network

Johnson and Kaufmann, Architects; Johnson, Kaufmann, and Coate, Architects; Johnson, Reginald D., Architect; Johnson, Wilson, Merrill, and Alexander, Architects; Winslow and Johnson, Associated Architects


Professional History

Résumé

Partner, Johnson, Kaufmann and Coate, Architects, Pasadena, CA, 1921-1925; Principal, Reginald D. Johnson, Architect, Pasadena, CA, 1925-1934.

Professional Activities

Johnson was elected as a Director, Allied Architects Association of Los Angeles. This group was formed c. 1920.

Professional Awards

Fellow, American Institute of Architects (FAIA).

Johnson received a citation for the "Best One-Story Home Built in America," during 1929 from the Better Homes in America organization.

Archives

Approximately 6 linear feet of archival material by Johnson has been preserved by the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), Architecture and Design Museum. In the Reginald Johnson Papers, Collection #0000146, the Online Archive of California has indicated this about the collection: "The Reginald Johnson papers span 6 linear feet and date from circa 1912 to circa 1950. The collection consists primarily of black-and-white interior and exterior photographs of the Chase H. Residence in Hope Ranch as well as presentation boards of residences in the Santa Barbara and Pasadena areas. The collection also contains architectural drawings and reprographic copies of residential and commercial designs by Johnson." (See UCSB, Architecture and Design Collection, Art, Design & Architecture Museum, "Finding Aid for the Reginald Johnson papers, circa 1912-circa 1950," accessed 04/21/2016.)

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Architecture Collections, also maintains a collection of Johnson's papers, the Reginald D. Johnson Collection, covering materials from c. 1906-1947. The Huntington's scope and contents notes for the collection stated: "The Reginald D. Johnson Collection spans the years 1906 to 1947 and consists primarily of plans, photographs and drawings of Johnson's architectural projects in Los Angeles and Santa Barbara, California. The collection includes material that was acquired as two separate donations between 1988 and 1993: an album of photographs and drawings of the Baldwin Hills Village planned residential community in the Baldwin Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles; an album of photographs of residential projects in Pasadena and Santa Barbara, and three drawings for buildings in San Marino, Pasadena, and Alhambra. An additional donation made in 2011 includes blueprints and photographs of “Penjerrick,” the residence of Pierre E. Letchworth in Covina, California, built in 1915. Credited photographers represented in the collection include William M. Clarke, E. M. Pratt, the Padilla Company, and the Gill Engraving Company." (See the Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Architecture Collections, "Reginald D. Johnson Collection: Finding Aid," accessed 04/21/2016.)

Personal

Relocation

Reginald Davis Johnson was born in Northern Westchester County, New York State in 1882. He moved his family to Los Angeles to become the first Episcopal Bishop of Los Angeles in 1895. His parents lived in a large Shingle Style residence at 415 S. Grand Avenue, Pasadena, CA until Bishop Johnson's death in 1928.

According to the 1920 US Census, Reginald Johnson, his wife, and three children lived at 415 South Hill Avenue in Pasadena. At this time, the Johnson household contained his mother-in-law, Ada M. Leupp (born c. 1851 in NY), Ethel L. Leupp (born c. 1881 in NY), and three servants: Lucinda Houser (born c. 1864 in Canada), Carrie E. Kerns (born c. 1875 in PA), and Elizabeth White (born c. 1885 in Ireland). (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation Year: 1920; Census Place: Pasadena, Los Angeles, California; Roll: T625_117; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 525; Image: 944,accessed 04/21/2016.)

A decade later, the 1930 US Census reported that the Johnsons lived at 1380 Lombardy Road in Pasadena, in a residence worth a sizeable $40,000. All three children still lived at home at this time, along with two servants, Emma Hanson (born c. 1881 in IL) and Irene Wells (born c. 1904 in MN). This area contained houses of substantial size and value; the ten neighboring houses listed on Johnson's 1930 US Census page had an average value of $63,000. The mean house price in Los Angeles County in 1930 was $4,850. (See Gary D. Libecap, Owens Valley Revisited: A Reassessment of the West's First Great Water Transfer, [Stanford, CA: Stanford Economics and Finance, c. 2007], p.

Following his father's death, Reginald designed a new house for his mother at 1590 Lombardy Road in Pasadena, nearby to his own house at 1380 Lombardy.

Toward the end of his life, Johnson resided atat 525 South Grand Avenue in Pasadena. His son, Joseph, lived next door.

He died in Pasadena, Los Angeles County, CA, at the age of 70.

Parents

Reginald was an only child. His father, Joseph Horsfall Johnson (1847-1928), served as the first Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles, CA, between 1895-1928, and was a leading member of the clergy regionally during his 33 years in office. His father had been born in Schenectady County, NY, attended Williams College, and died in Los Angeles on 05/16/1928. His mother was Isabel Davis (1851-1940).

Spouse

He married Kathleen L. Johnson.

Children

Son, Joseph Leupp Johnson (1911-1987), became a notable architect in California, working for William W. Wurster (1895-1973), San Francisco, CA, in the 1930s. He later practiced with the Los Angeles architect, Gregory Ain (1908-1988).

Biographical Notes

Johnson's obituary in the Architectural Forum, (January 1953, p. 53), noted that the architect quit his practice in 1934 when he saw the squalid conditions of Washington D.C.'s slums, and "...spent most of the rest of his life battling for public housing, slum clearance, urban rehabilitation, and became a convert to contemporary design." An obituary composed by the architect Robert Evans Alexander focused on Johnson's metamorphosis into a social activist and public housing expert. (See Robert E. Alexander, "Reginald Davis Johnson, F.A.I.A., 1882-1952," Journal of the American Institute of Architects, vol. XIX, no. 2, 02/1953, p. 81-85.)



Associated Locations

  • Pasadena, CA (Architect's Death)
    Pasadena, CA

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PCAD id: 610


NameDateCityState
Bowman-Biltmore Hotels Corporation, Biltmore Hotel, Montecito Park, Santa Barbara, CA1926-1927Santa BarbaraCA
Boy Scouts of America, Camp Arthur Letts, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CA1924Los AngelesCA
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, Hale Solar Laboratory, Pasadena, CA1924PasadenaCA
City of Santa Barbara, City Hall #3, Santa Barbara, CA1923Santa BarbaraCA
Demotte, Clayton, Jr., House, Hope Ranch, Santa Barbara, CASanta BarbaraCA
Dickinson, William R., House, Hope Ranch, Santa Barbara, CA1929Santa BarbaraCA
Duque, T.L., House, Los Angeles, CALos AngelesCA
East Colorado Street Theatre, Pasadena, CA1914PasadenaCA
Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles, All Saints' Episcopal Church #2, Pasadena, CA1923-1924PasadenaCA
Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles, Church of Saint Simon and Jude, Alhambra, CA1926AlhambraCA
Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles, Saint Paul's Episcopal Cathedral #2, Los Angeles, CA1924-1925Los AngelesCA
Francis, Sidney R., House, Pasadena, CA1929PasadenaCA
Gavit E. Palmer and Mary, House, Montecito, CA1919MontecitoCA
Griffith House, Oak Knoll, Pasadena, CA1924PasadenaCA
Harvard School, Dining Hall, Los Angeles, CA1921Los AngelesCA
Harvard School, Saint Savior's Chapel, Studio City, Los Angeles, CA1914-1915Los AngelesCA
Johnson, Isabel Green Davis, House, Pasadena, CA1929PasadenaCA
Johnson, Reginald D., House #1, Pasadena, CA1911PasadenaCA
Johnson, Reginald D., House #2, Pasadena, CA1927PasadenaCA
Landreth House, Oak Knoll, Pasadena, CAPasadenaCA
Letchworth, Pierre E., House, Covina, CACovinaCA
Lissner, Mrs. Henry H., House, Los Angeles, CALos AngelesCA
Los Angeles Hospital of the Good Samaritan #3, Los Angeles, CA1926Los AngelesCA
Los Angeles Opera House Project, Los Angeles, CA1948Los AngelesCA
Main, Walter D., House, Hillsborough, CAHillsboroughCA
McDuffie, William C., House, San Marino, CA1928-1929PasadenaCA
O'Melveny, Stuart, and Isabel W., House, Lake Arrowhead, CALake ArrowheadCA
Paxton, D.F., House, Pasadena, CA1919PasadenaCA
Rancho Cienega Corporation, Baldwin Hills Village, Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles, CA1940-1941Baldwin Hills, Los AngelesCA
Rose, Walter M., House, Pasadena, CA1911PasadenaCA
Saint Paul's Pro-Cathedral #2 Project, Pershing Square, Los Angeles, CA1920Los AngelesCA
Santa Barbara School for Boys, Carpinteria, CACarpinteriaCA
Slauson, James, House, Azusa, CA1913AzusaCA
Thiers, E.C., House, Pasadena, CA1918PasadenaCA
United States Housing Administration (USHA), Harbor Hills Housing Development, Lomita, CA1941LomitaCA
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Chancellor's House, Westwood, Los Angeles, CA1930Los AngelesCA
Vanderpool, Wyant D., House, Fishers Island, NY1928Fishers IslandNY
Warden, H. Page, House, Pasadena, CA1910PasadenaCA
Warren, Frederick P., House, Evanston, IL1928EvanstonIL
West, W.F., House, South Pasadena, CA1913South PasadenaCA
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Gebhard, David, Winter, Robert, "Griffith House, 1924", Architecture in Los Angeles A Compleat Guide, 363, 1985. "Letchworth, Pierre E., House plans", Builder and Contractor, 18, 02/06/1913. Mock, Elizabeth, Built in USA, 1932-1944, 56-57, 1945. "Community of Living Units in the West : Baldwin Hills Village: Architects, Reginald D. Johnson and Wilson, Merrill & Alexander", California Arts and Architecture, 59: 32-33, 1942-01. "Vanderpool, Wyant D., House, Fishers Island NY", California Arts and Architecture, 38, 08/1931. "Francis, Sidney R., House", California Arts and Architecture, 37, 08/1931. "Community of Living Units in the West: Baldwin Hills Village; Architects, Reginald D. Johnson and Wilson, Merrill & Alexander", California Arts and Architecture, 59: 32-33, 1942-01. "The residence of Mr. and Mrs. William C. McDuffie, Pasadena, California", California Arts and Architecture, 39: 30-33, 1931-01. "The Hillsborough residence of Mr. and Mrs. Walter D. Main", California Arts and Architecture, 41: 28, 1932-05. California Southland, 6-7: 9-11, 12/1924. Morris, Edward Bateman, Century of AIA, 18, 1957. Johnson, Reginald Davis, "Architectural expression", Federal Architect, 6: 17-20, 1935-10. "Architectural expression The philosophy of design in solving architectural problems since the Columbian Exposition in 1892", Federal Architect, 6: 17-20, 1926-10. "Reginald D. Johnson", House and Home, 3: 1, 49, 01/1953. "Obituary, Johnson, Reginald D. ", House and Home, 49, 01/1953. Belloli, Jay, Johnson, Kaufmann, Coate : Partners in the California Style, 1992. "Southern California Chapter's Honor Awards", Journal of the American Institute of Architects, 7: 2, 74-79, 02/1947. "Obituary, Johnson, Reginald D. ", Journal of the American Institute of Architects, 81, 02/1953. Gebhard, David, Winter, Robert, "Baldwin Hills Village", Los Angeles An Architectural Guide, 89, 1994. 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Johnson, Gordon B. Kaufmann, and Roland E. Coate, 61, 1992. Santa Barbara Biltmore Souvenir, np, 1928. "Baldwin Hills Village, Los Angeles, California 1942", South African Architectural Record, 31: 22, 1946-01. "Paxton residence wins local award", Southwest Builder and Contractor, 11, col 1, 04/16/1920. "Pasadena architect wins gold medal", Southwest Builder and Contractor, 11, 05/20/1921. "Saint Paul's Episcopal Church land swap", Southwest Builder and Contractor, 14, col 1, 05/27/1921. "Plans for Dining Hall, Harvard Military School", Southwest Builder and Contractor, 18, col 3, 07/08/1921. "Saint Paul's Episcopal Church Project 1920 Notice", Southwest Builder & Contractor, 12, col. 2, 10/29/1920. "Saint Paul's Episcopal Church Project 1920 Article", Southwest Builder & Contractor, 16, col. 1, 04/16/1920. "East Colorado Theatre Reginald Johnson", Southwest Builder & Contractor, 18, col 3, 07/04/1914. "Plans for Los Angeles residence of T.L. Duque", Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, 21, col 1, 05/29/1914. "Plans for chapel at Harvard School", Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, 16, col 1, 06/06/1914. "Slauson, James, House, Azusa, CA, plans", Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, 22, col 1, 03/29/1913. "Plans for W.F. West House at South Pasadena", Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, 21, col 1, 05/31/1913. Shepherd, Roger, Structures of Our Time, 13-17, 26-31, 2002. Stein, Clarence S., Toward New Towns for America, 188-216, 1966. "Two Residences Designed by Reginald D. Johnson at Pasadena, California", Western Architect, 19: 7, np, 07/1913. "Residence for H. Page Warden, Pasadena, California. Reginald D. Johnson, Architect", Western Architect, 19: 7, np, 07/1913. "Two Residences Designed by Reginald D. Johnson at Pasadena, California", Western Architect, 19: 7, np, 07/1913. "Johnson, Reginald", Who's Who in California, 1928-1929, 220, 1929. "Johnson, Kathleen Bushnell", Who's Who in California, 1942-1943, 1: 460 , 1943.