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Male, US, born 1892-09-26, died 1946-11-20

Associated with the firms network

Meyer, Peugh, Pflueger and Rist, Architects; Miller and Pflueger, Architects; Pflueger Architects; Pflueger, Milton T., Architect; Pflueger, Timothy L. Architect

Professional History


Office Boy/Draftsman, Miller and De Colmesnil, Architects, San Francisco, CA, 1907-1923; Pflueger was retained at age 15 as a draftsman, mentored by James R. Miller; the year following the Earthquake and Fire of 1906, the Miller-De Colmesnil Office, like most in the city, must have been inundated with work; Pflueger worked on the Our Lady of the Wayside Church, Portola Valley, CA (1912), his first solo design project, while the rest of the Miller and De Colmesnil Office was focused on plans for the San Francisco City Hall competition project.

Partner, Miller and Pflueger, Architects, San Francisco, CA, 1923-1937.

Principal, Timothy Pflueger, Architect, San Francisco, CA, 1937-1946.

Professional Activities

Member, American Institute of Architects (AIA); Member, Architectural League of New York; Member, Bohemian Club, San Francisco, CA; Member, Family Club, San Francisco, CA; Member, Olympic Club, San Francisco, CA; Member, Board of Directors, San Francisco Art Association, San Francisco, CA, 1930-1946; President, San Francisco Art Association, San Francisco, CA, 1932-1937.

Pflueger filed a patent application for a new form of ceiling and wall construction with the US Patent Office on 12/28/1931. It was granted on 06/12/1934. The patent application stated: "This invention relates to construction of ceilings and walls of rooms and the object of the invention is to provide a special construction whereby illuminated effects are secured, also whereby elaborate designs may be carried out and the illuminated effects may be of varied or changing colors. The invention is principally adapted for the ceilings of theaters, large halls and rooms for public gatherings, where unusual lighting and color effects are desired, and it has also been applied with succedd to the side walls of large public rooms." (See United States Patent Office, no. 1,962,648, "Ceiling and Wall Contruction, Timothy L. Pflueger, San Francisco, Calif. Application December 28, 1931, Serial No. 583,466," accessed 07/07/2016.)

In 1937, Pflueger was on the Consulting Board of Editors for Architect and Engineer magazine.

Vice-Chairman, Department of Fine Arts, Golden Gate International Exhibition, San Francisco, CA, 1939-1940. According to the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Bancroft Library, Pflueger's involvement with the GGIE began in 1935: "Pflueger served on the Design Committee for the 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition (GGIE). The fair was to celebrate the completion of the Golden Gate Bridge and the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, for which Pflueger was one of the consulting designers to the engineers. The fair was part of a New Deal project and would coincide with the New York City World’s Fair. He was selected in June 1935 as one of six architects to design several core buildings, including the Federal Building, the California State Building and the Court of Pacifica."


The Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), bought the Timothy Pflueger Papers (BANC MSS.2012/182) in 2012. The collection was extensive, consisting of 109 Linear Feet, in the form of 32 cartons, 3 boxes, 149 tubes, 47 oversize folders.

The Butterfield and Butterfield auction house in San Francisco sold a number of original drawings, models, photos and paintings by Timothy Pflueger as part of the John M. Pflueger Collection, December 5, 1989. This was apparently Part I of a planned two-part auction. It is not clear if a second auction was held. (See Jon King, Elisabeth Ozbburn, Butterfield & Butterfield Staff, The John Pflueger Collection of Architectural Renderings, Maquettes, Photographs and Paintings, [San Francisco: Butterfield and Butterfield, 1989], [part of the Butterfield and Butterfield Bulletin series, vol. 57], in 2 volumes.)


High School

Pflueger never graduated from high school, his education ending with 8th grade in 1906; he apprenticed with the firm of Miller and De Colmesnil, Architects, and, with the encouragement of James Rupert Miller, attended night classes at the San Francisco Architectural Club; this training imparted to him the main aspects of the Beaux-Arts architectural method.



He lived at 1015 Guerrero Street in San Francisco, with his parents and five brothers according to the US Census of 1910.

Pflueger died of a heart attack outside of San Francisco's Olympic Club at age 54 on 11/20/1946.


Timothy Pflueger's father was August Pflueger (b. 02/1859 in Germany), a tailor, who arrived from Germany c. 1886. In 1910, August had his own tailor's shop. Pflueger's mother was Attilee Quandt (B. 03/1864 in Germany); she had emigrated from Germany in 1882. Timothy had a five brothers: Paul A. (b. 01/1891 in CA), Hugo A.(b. CA 01/1895 or 06/1895 in San Francisco), William (b. 02/1898 in CA), Otto H. (b. c. 1902 in San Francisco) and Milton T. Pflueger (b. 10/12/1907 in orn in San Francisco). One of his siblings had died by 1900. Milton would go on to become a significant architect in the Bay Area.


Pflueger never married.

Biographical Notes

Pflueger's birthdate was given variously as 1898 and 1892 in the Los Angeles Public Library's California Index; Pflueger, along with James R. Miller, designed some of the most notable office buildings in San Francisco of the 1920s, such as 450 Sutter Street (San Francisco, 1927) and the Executive Offices of the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company (San Francisco, 1927); during the short span of his independent practice, 1939-1946, Pflueger designed the "Top of the Mark" Lounge at the top of the Mark Hopkins Hotel (San Francisco, c. 1940), the Union Square Parking Garage (San Francisco, 1942), and I. Magnin stores throughout California. The stark form, white marble cladding, and striking fenestration of his Union Square store in San Francisco were especially notable. Pflueger traveled to Paris in 1938.

Associated Locations

  • Potrero Hill, San Francisco, CA (Architect's Birth)
    Potrero Hill, San Francisco, CA

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  • San Francisco, CA (Architect's Death)
    San Francisco, CA

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PCAD id: 89

450 Sutter Street Office Building, Union Square, San Francisco, CA1927-1929San FranciscoCA
Alameda Theatre #2, Alameda, CA1933AlamedaCA
Alhambra Theatre #4, Russian Hill, San Francisco, CA1925-1926San FranciscoCA
American Telephone and Telegraph Company (A, T and T), Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company, Office Building, San Francisco, CA1923-1925San FranciscoCA
Bal Tabarin Restaurant, Russian Hill, San Francisco, CA 1931San FranciscoCA
Castro Theatre #2, Castro District, San Francisco, CA1921-1922San FranciscoCA
City and County of San Francisco, Municipal Trasportation Agency, Union Square, Parking Garage, San Francisco, CA1941-1942San FranciscoCA
El Rey Theatre, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Fairmont Hotel, Nob Hill, San Francisco, CA1902-1907San FranciscoCA
Golden Gate International Exposition, Federal Theatre Project, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Golden Gate International Exposition (GGIE), Government Pavilion, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, CA1938-1939San FranciscoCA
Key System, Oakland Substation, Oakland, CA1937OaklandCA
Magnin, I., Department Store, Beverly Hills, CA1939Beverly HillsCA
Magnin, I., Department Store, Union Square, San Francisco, CA1905San FranciscoCA
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, Office Building, San Francisco, CA1908-1909San FranciscoCA
Mission Theatre #2, Mission District, San Francisco, CA1915-1917San FranciscoCA
Pacific Coast Stock Exchange, Club, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Paramount Theatre, Downtown, Oakland, CA1930-1931OaklandCA
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco, Our Lady of the Wayside Church, Portola Valley, CA1912-1913Portola ValleyCA
Royal Theatre, Nob Hill, San Francisco, CA 1916San FranciscoCA
San Francisco Mining Exchange Building #2, San Francisco, CA1922-1923San FranciscoCA
San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Yerba Buena Island Substation, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange #2, Financial District, San Francisco, CA1915San FranciscoCA
San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD), Lincoln, Abraham, High School, San Francisco, CA1938-1940San FranciscoCA
San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD), Washington, George, High School, Richmond, San Francisco, CA1934-1936San FranciscoCA
Senator Theatre, Chico, CA1929
State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Highways, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge #11933-1936
State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Highways, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Firehouse, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, CA1936San FranciscoCA
State of California, Department of Transportation (Caltrans), San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Electric Railway Terminal Building, South of Market, San Francisco, CA 1937-1939San FranciscoCA
State Theatre, Oroville, CA1928OrovilleCA
Sterling Street Substation, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
"Week End Cottage of Robert Shaw, Richmond Shore, California", American Architect, 148: 2641, 47-48, 01/1936. "The Circus Bar, Fairmont Hotel, San Francisco", American Architect, 148: 2641, 45-46, 01/1936. 139, 2592, "Bethlehem Steel Company Advertisement, 450 Sutter Building", American Architect, 121, 2/1931. "Pages from 60 Years of Architectural Progress", American Architect, CXLVIII: 2641, 25, 01/1936. Breeze, Carla, American Art Deco Architecture and Regionalism, 264-267, 2003. Breeze, Carla, American Art Deco Architecture and Regionalism, 268-269, 2003. Naylor, David, American Picture Palaces The Architecture of Fantasy, 220, 1981. Naylor, David, American Picture Palaces The Architecture of Fantasy, 152, 164, 167-170, 184-185, 194, 219, 1981. National Trust for Historic Preservation, "Using Old Buildings", America's Forgotten Architecture, 286-288, 1976. Architect & Engineer, 12/1931. Architectural Forum, 1930-04. "Oregon State Capitol Competition", Architectural Forum, 65: 2-10, 7/1936. "Railway Terminal Designed To Speed Commuter Traffic:Timothy L. Pflueger, Arthur Brown, Jr., and John J. Donovan, Consulting Architects ", Architectural record, 86: 30-32, 1939-07. "Constructions d'expositions", Architecture d'aujourd'hui, 11: 1-2 (new series), 62, 1940. Woodbridge, Sally B., Woodbridge, John B., Architecture San Francisco: The Guide, 6, 1982. Geran, Monica, "Hermes, San Francisco: the French firm's shop, at I. Magnin, designed by Maher + Sayer", Interior design, 58: 3, 284-285, 2/1987. "Necrology", Journal of the American Institute of Architects, 7: 2, 109, 02/1947. "Photo feature: theatres of Timothy Pflueger", Marquee, 26: 3, 14-23, 1994. Levin, Steven, "Paramount Theatre, Oakland", Marquee, 5: 11-18, Fourth Quarter 1973. "Photo Feature: Theatres of Timothy Pflueger", Marquee, 26: 3, 14-23, "Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Building, San Francisco, 12/1925", Pacific Coast Architect, 28: 6, 3, 12/1925. "Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Building, San Francisco, 9/1924", Pacific Coast Architect, 26: 3, 25-27, 09/1924. Woodbridge, Sally, "The Paramount Plays Again", Progressive Architecture, LV: 7, 50-57, 1974-07. Frampton, Kenneth, "Preserving the Recent Past", Progressive Architecture, 55: 7, 50-57, 1974-07. Burris-Meyer, Harold, Cole, Edward C., Theatres & Auditoriums, 213, 1949.