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Female, US, born 1872-01-20, died 1957-02-02

Associated with the firms network

Morgan and Hoover, Architects; Morgan, Julia H., Architect


Professional History

Résumé

Draftswoman, John Galen Howard, Architect, San Francisco, CA, 1901-1903. Morgan became Registered Architect #344 in the State of California.

Principal, Julia Morgan, Architect, San Francisco, CA, 1904-1907. Her office was destroyed in the San Francisco Earthquake of 04/18/1906;

Partner, Morgan and Hoover, Architects, San Francisco, CA, 1907-late 1910.

Principal, Julia Morgan, Architect, San Francisco, CA, late 1910-1952.

Architectural historian Sara Holmes Boutelle called Morgan the most prolific pioneer woman architect in the U.S., designing over 800 buildings during her 50-year career. Boutelle also indicated that she was probably the first woman to be architecturally licensed in CA. She received California Architect Certificate B-344-1903. (See Sara Holmes Boutelle, "Julia Morgan," in Women in American Architecture: A Historic and Contemporary Perspective, [New York, NY: 1977], p.80, 211.)

Professional Service

Morgan, who was very retiring and publicity-shy, did join the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 1921.

Archives

Some of Morgan's papers were destroyed by the architect. Others are held in the Julia Morgan-Sara Holmes Boutelle Collection, California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Special Collections Department, Manuscript Collection 027; Camille Solon Collection, California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Special Collections Department, Manuscript Collection 106; Julia Morgan Papers: Series 9.A, Earl and Wright, Consulting Engineers, California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Special Collections Department, Manuscript Collection 125; Sara Holmes Boutelle Papers California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Special Collections Department, Manuscript Collection 141;

Education

High School/College

Dipl., Oakland High School, Oakland, CA, 1890.

B.S. Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 1894;

Study, Atelier de Marcel de Monclos, Paris, France, 1896-1898; Certificat d'Etude, Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France, 1902; (Between 1898-1902, Morgan studied in the Atelier de Benjamin Chaussemiche, and was the first woman to gain a diploma from the Ecole.) Her educational mentors included Berkeley, CA, architects, Bernard Maybeck and John Galen Howard, as well as the French academic architects, Marcel de Monclos and Benjamin Chaussemiche; Morgan failed to gain admittance twice at the Paris Ecole, before being accepted in 1896.

Personal

Relocation

Julia Morgan was born in San Francisco, CA. The 1900 US Census inidcated that Charles B., Eliza W., Parmelee (born 04/1870 in CA), Julia, Emma (born 03/1874 in CA), Avery (born 08/1876 in CA), Gardiner Morgan (born 10/1880 in CA) and a servant, Delia Seaton (born 08/1875 in NJ), all lived at 754 14th Street in Oakland, CA.

According to the US Census of 1920, Charles B., Eliza W., Julia and Avery Morgan all lived in the same house at 754 14th Street in Oakland. According to the 1930 Federal Census, Morgan lived with her brother, Avery, a musician, in the same house in Oakland, at that time worth $20,000; she was then 58, he 54; in 1930, Julia and Avery's house did not possess a radio.

She died in San Francisco at the age of 85; she was buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, CA.

Parents

Her father was Charles B. Morgan (born c. 1842 in NY), who in 1920, worked as a secretary for a mining company. Her mother's maiden name was Eliza Parmelee (born c. 1844 in NY); her brother, Avery, was listed in the 1920 census as a "Chauffer" [sic].

Spouse

Morgan never married and had no children.


Biographical Notes

Julia Morgan was known informally as "J.M." Morgan has been credited with approximately 800 buildings. She suffered from an inner ear affliction in the 1920s, resulting in surgeries that left her face contorted and affected her balance. In 1946, Morgan was diagnosed with cerebral arteriosclerosis, which ultimately forced her to retire; a cousin of Morgan's was the New York architect, Pierre Lebrun, who encouraged the young woman to become an architect. Morgan gained the acquaintance of Phoebe Apperson Hearst while attending the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris; this connection with the Hearsts would pay off in many commissions for Morgan throughout her career. Thomas R. Aidala book, Hearst Castle San Simeon (1981), stated her birthday was 01/26/1872.

In the later years of her life, Julia Morgan took several excursions out of California. The architect arrived in Saint Thomas, the US Virgin Islands on 09/20/1938 aboard the S.S. Erria. (See Ancestry.com, Source Citation The National Archives at Washington, D.C; Washington, D.C; Series Title: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands; NAI Number: 2953511; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: A3901; NARA Roll Number: 27, accessed 08/30/2018.)

Morgan visited Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1949. (See Ancestry.com, Source Information Ancestry.com. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Immigration Cards, 1900-1965 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016, accessed 08/30/2018.)



Associated Locations

  • San Francisco, CA (Architect's Birth)
    San Francisco, CA

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  • San Francisco, CA (Architect's Death)
    San Francisco, CA

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PCAD id: 128


NameDateCityState
2814 Derby Street House, Berkeley, CA1908BerkeleyCA
2816 Derby Street House, Berkeley, CA1908BerkeleyCA
67 San Leandro Way House, Saint Francis Wood, San Francisco, CA1921San FranciscoCA
Asilomar Conference Center, Merrill Hall, Pacific Grove, CAPacific GroveCA
Baptist Divinity School, Hobart Hall, Berkeley, CA1918-1919BerkeleyCA
Berkeley Women's City Club, Berkeley, CA1929-1930BerkeleyCA
Burke, Katherine Delmar, School, Presidio Heights, San Francisco, CA1916-1917San FranciscoCA
Camp Fremont, Palo Alto, CA1917-1918Palo AltoCA
Chickering, Allen L., Sr., and Alma S., House, Piedmont, CA1911PiedmontCA
Fairmont Hotel, Nob Hill, San Francisco, CA1902-1907San FranciscoCA
Goodrich, Chauncey, House, Saratoga, CA1919SaratogaCA
Gregory, Warren and Sadie, House #2, Greenwood Terrace, Berkeley, CA1912BerkeleyCA
Hail, Anthony House, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Hatfield, Henry Rand, House, Northside, Berkeley, CA1908BerkeleyCA
Hearst Hacienda, Fort Hunter Liggett, Jolon, CA1929-1930JolonCA
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, House, Pleasanton, CA 1902PleasantonCA
Hearst, William Randolph, Castle, Roman Pool, San Simeon, San Luis Obispo, CASan Luis ObispoCA
Hearst, William Randolph, Castle, San Simeon, San Luis Obispo, CA1919-1947San SimeonCA
Hearst, William Randolph, House, McCloud River, Siskyou County, CA1924McCloud RiverCA
Hollywood Studio Club Building, Hollywood, Los Angeles, CA1925-1926
Ilsen, Frederick George, House, Adams Point, Oakland, CA1913-1914OaklandCA
King's Daughters of California Home for Incurables, Oakland, CA1912OaklandCA
Ladies Protection and Relief Society, The Heritage Retirement Home, San Francisco, CA1924-1925San FranciscoCA
Lombard, James, House, Piedmont, CA1915PiedmontCA
Los Angeles Herald-Examiner Building, Downtown, Los Angeles, CA1912-1913Los AngelesCA
Merchants Exchange Building #3, Financial District, San Francisco, CA1903San FranciscoCA
Methodist Chinese Mission School, San Francisco, CA1907-1910San FranciscoCA
Mills College, Alumnae Hall, Oakland, CA1916
Mills College, Carnegie, Margaret, Library, Oakland, CA1905-1906OaklandCA
Mills College, El Campanil, Oakland, CA1903-1904OaklandCA
Mountain View Cemetery, Chapel of the Chimes, Oakland, CA1909OaklandCA
North, Hart and Emma M., House, Berkeley, CA1909
Reed, Benjamin, House, Piedmont, CA1926PiedmontCA
Saint John's Presbyterian Church, Berkeley, CA1908-1910BerkeleyCA
Saratoga Foothill Club, Saratoga, CA1915SaratogaCA
Thomas House, Berkeley, CABerkeleyCA
United States Army (USA), Camp Fremont, Hostess House, Palo Alto, CAPalo AltoCA
University of California, Berkeley, Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, Gymnasium for Women, Berkeley, CA1926-1927BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Campus Plan #3, Berkeley, CA1902
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hearst Greek Theatre, Berkeley, CA1903BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hearst Memorial Mining Building, Berkeley, CA1903-1907BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, Campus Plan Competition Project, Howard, Cauldwell and Morgan Entry Project, Berkeley, CA1899BerkeleyCA
White, Ralph, House, Berkeley, CA1913BerkeleyCA
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), Building, Berkeley, CA1919BerkeleyCA
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), Building, Chinatown, San Francisco, CA1932San FranciscoCA
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), Building, Fresno, CA1921-1922FresnoCA
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), Building, Oakland, CA1913-1915OaklandCA
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), Building, Pasadena, CA1921-1922PasadenaCA
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), Building, San Francisco, CA1915San FranciscoCA
Zagar, Steven, Child's Playhouse, San Luis Obispo, CASan Luis ObispoCA
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