AKA: Cady-McNary Lumber Company, Sawmill Complex, McNary, AZ

Structure Type: built works _ industrial buildings - processing plant

Designers: Davis-Heller-Pearce Company, Architects and Engineers (firm); Hugh Y. Davis (architect); Hans E. Heller (architect); John W. Pearce (business manager)

Dates: constructed 1916, demolished 1979

Cooley, AZ

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Building History

This $7 million sawmill complex was located at an altitude of 7,500 feet on White Mountain Apache Reservation lands with large stands of pine trees. Flagstaff businessman, Thomas E. Pollock (1868-1938) commissioned the Stockton, CA, firm, The Davis-Heller-Pearce Company, to design and construct 42 different buildings for his Apache Lumber Company's manufacturing facility. Work here occurred in 1916; a 1923 history indicated that: "It was necessary to send hundreds of men of all crafts from San Diego, San Francisco, Sacramento and Stockton, to do the work." (See History of San Joaquin County, California, [Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1923], p. 1431; viewed on line atAccessed 10/24/2011.) Pollock sold out in the early 1920s to two Louisiana lumbermen, W.M. Cady and James G. McNary, who encouraged 700 African-American workers to move to the high country of AZ. The town of Cooley later became known as "McNary,"


The sawmill burned in 1979.

PCAD id: 17170