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Male, born 1874-05-21, died 1957-07-07

Associated with the firms network

Bakewell and Brown, Architects; Brown and Lansburgh, Associated Architects; Brown, Arthur, Jr., and Associates, Architect


Professional History

Résumé

Draftsman, Hornblower and Marshall, Architects, Washington, DC, 1904.

Designer, Henry Schulze, Architect, San Francisco, CA, 1904-1905. Brown assisted on the design of the Folger Coffee Factory in San Francisco, while working for Schulze.

Partner, Bakewell and Brown, Architects, San Francisco, CA, 1905-1927. Within the Bakewell and Brown firm, Brown served as the primary designer. The firm originated at a fortunate moment for architects, a year before a great Earthquake leveled San Francisco on 04/18/1906. Work rebuilding the Bay Area after this event kept the firm busy for a decade.

Brown and Bakewell ended their partnership in 1927, but they continued to collaborate on some projects. As the Bancroft Library stated in its finding aid on Brown's papers, "The firm of Bakewell & Brown dissolved in 1927, although the two former partners continued to collaborate on many later projects, most notably several buildings on the Stanford University campus." (See Online Archive of California. Org, “Collection Guide: Finding Aid to the Arthur Brown, Jr. Papers, 1859-1990, (bulk 1910-1950),” Bancroft Library, Banc MSS 81/142c, accessed 05/04/2020.)

Principal, Arthur Brown, Jr., and Associates, Architects, 1928-1950.

Teaching

Massier, Atelier Brown and Bourgeois, Snn Francisco, CA, 1911-1913. He operated this teaching studio within the San Francisco Architectural Club (SFAC) with the architect, Jean-Louis Bourgeois, (1876-1915), for two years. Bourgeois had worked for D.H. Burnham and Company in Chicago, IL, c. 1908, and for Bakewell and Brown, c. 1911 until 1915.

According to the Filoli.org web site: "Brown lectured at Harvard University and was acting professor of architecture at the University of California. His achievements as an architect won him worldwide recognition." (See "Architects and Designers,"Accessed 02/23/2011.) Brown accepted a chair at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, in late 1917. (See Architect and Engineer, 01/1918, p. 100.) A banquet was given as a send-off in 01/1918; (see Architect and Engineer, 02/1918, p. 105.) By 08-09/1918, however, the University of California, Berkeley, (UCB) had hired him back, appointing him a Professor of Architectural Design. (See Architect and Engineer, 08/1918, p. 109 and Architect and Engineer, 09/1918, p. 113, Architect and Engineer, 10/1918, p. 114.) Brown filled in at the UCB in for his friend, John Galen Howard, (1864-1931), the Director of the School of Architecture, who took a leave of absence, to pursue war relief work for the Red Cross in France.

Professional Activities

The Architect and Engineer of California of 03/1908 reported that Arthur Brown, Jr.,staged an exhibition of his drawings earlier in the year. (See Architect and Engineer of California, 03/1908, p. 62.) In 1927, Brown was a committee member planning the Artists Ball, 04/02/1927, staged at the San Francisco Art Institute. (See Architect and Engineer, 05/1927, p. 111.)

Member, US Department of the Treasury, Board of Architectural Consultants, Washington, DC, 1927-1933.

Member, Architectural Commission for the World's Fair of 1933. (Century of Progress), Chicago, IL, 1930s.

Member, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Board of Consulting Architects, 1930s.

He was on the Consulting Board of Editors for Architect and Engineer magazine in 1937.

Chair, Golden Gate International Exposition, Architectural Commission, San Francisco, CA, 1937-1940.

Member, Architect of the US Capitol, Board of Consulting Architects, Washington, DC, 1956-1957.

Professional Awards

Fellow, American Institute of Architects (FAIA), 1930.

Recipient, University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Honorary Doctorate of Laws, Berkeley, CA, 1931.

Academiician, National Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY, 1940.

Associate, National Academy of Design, Architecture Class, New York, NY, 1951.

Member, National Academy of Design, Architecture Class, New York, NY, 1953.

Member, Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY, 1954.

Archives

The Bakewell and Brown Collection, 1910-1931 is held at the University of California, College of Environmental Design Archives, (See "Collection Guide,"Accessed 02/24/2011.)

Other material on Brown's work, life and career is contained in the "Arthur Brown, Jr. Papers, BANC MSS 81/142 c,"University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Bancroft Library; "the Bakewell & Brown photograph collection, BANC PIC 2000.073," University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Bancroft Library; "The New City Hall, San Francisco, CA, 1915, BANC PIC 1905.12274 - ALB," University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Bancroft Library; "Architectural drawings of UC Buildings," University of California, Berkeley (UCB), University Archives, UARC CU-402; "Architectural views from the Arthur Brown, Jr. papers, BANC PIC 1981.161, Bancroft Library; and the "Weihe, Frick & Kruse collection (1978-3)," University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Environmental Design Archives.

Education

High School/College

Graduate, Oakland High School, Oakland, CA, 1892.

B.A., University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Berkeley, CA, 1896; Brown was a top-tier student of Bernard R. Maybeck (1862-1957) at UCB. The Bancroft Library said of his undergraduate training: "During his time at UC, Brown met local architect Bernard Maybeck, who was at that time teaching drawing courses in the engineering department. Because there was no formal architectural training at Berkeley, Maybeck, who had been trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, took it upon himself to offer architectural training in the evenings at his home. Other participants in the Maybeck studio were, among others, Julia Morgan and Brown's future business partner, John Bakewell, Jr. Presenting design exercises similar to those at the École des Beaux-Arts (the École), Maybeck was preparing his students to eventually go on to study at the French institution." (See Online Archive of California.org, "Finding Aid to the Arthur Brown, Jr. Papers, 1859-1990, (bulk 1910-1950)," accessed 06/18/2019.)

Dipl., École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, Paris, France, 1901. Brown studied in the Atelier of Victor-Alexandre-Frederic Laloux, (1850-1937), who was a favorite massier of American students at the École.

Personal

Relocation

Born in Oakland, CA, Brown had a comfortable upbringing as the only child of an upper-middle class couple. Brown attended the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), graduating in 1896, and then spent seven years in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts.Upon returning to the US from France, Brown worked for short period with the architectural firm of Hornblower and Marshall in Washington, DC, before returning to San Francisco.

In 1925, Brown and his wife moved into a new residence that he designed in the posh suburb of Hillsborough, CA, in San Mateo County, They called this residence "Le Verger," the orchard or grove.

Brown died in San Mateo County, CA, at the age of 83. He was buried in the family plot at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park, Colma, CA.

Parents

His father was Arthur Brown, Sr., (1830-1917), his mother, Victoria Runyon Brown (1840-1917). According to the University of California, Bancroft Library, his father's work as an engineer for the Central Pacific Railroad would later open many doors for Arthur, Jr., as an architect: "Arthur Brown, Sr., was an engineer for Central Pacific Railroad during the completion of the transcontinental railroad in the 1860s. His position as the Superintendent of the Bridges and Buildings Dept put him in close contact with the powerful leaders of the Central Pacific. Along with his regular work for the railroad, including design of the Oakland Mole and the train car ferry Solano, Brown, Sr. was also the chosen construction manager for the Crocker, Hopkins and Stanford mansions in San Francisco. Brown, Jr. later benefited tremendously from these connections: the Big Four and their families provided him with many commissions throughout his career. Mark Hopkins' son, Timothy Hopkins, was in large part responsible for giving many Stanford University commissions to Brown." (See Online Archive of California. Org, “Collection Guide: Finding Aid to the Arthur Brown, Jr. Papers, 1859-1990, (bulk 1910-1950),” Bancroft Library, Banc MSS 81/142c, accessed 05/04/2020.)

Spouse

He wed Jessamine Garrett, (1884-1970). Garrett had been introduced to Brown by his friend from the École, Édouard Frère Champney, (1874-1929). Champney worked as an architect in Seattle, WA, between c. 1910 and 1926, and had met Jessamine here. Brown had also worked at the Washington, DC, architectural firm of Hornblower and Marshall.

Children

He and Jessamine had two daughters, Victoria Brown, (1921-2005), and Sylvia Brown Jensen, (1923-1991).

Biographical Notes

Both Bakewell and Brown were proteges of Bernard Maybeck (1862-1957), an early instructor in architecture at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), who convinced these two top students to attend his alma mater, the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, for a graduate education.

During slow years of the Depression, 1934-1935, Brown traveled in Europe with his family.



Associated Locations

  • Oakland, CA (Architect's Birth)
    Oakland, CA

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  • San Francisco, CA (Architect's Office)
    San Francisco, CA

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PCAD id: 468


NameDateCityState
Adams, Lemuel, House, Oakland, CA1908OaklandCA
Arequipa Sanatorium, Fairfax, CA 1911FairfaxCA
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF), Depot #2, San Diego, CA1914-1915San DiegoCA
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF), Depot, Downtown, Redlands, CA1908-1909RedlandsCA
Beale, Marie, House, San Rafael, CA1909-1910San RafaelCA
Beale, Rosa, House, San Francisco, CA1910San FranciscoCA
Beta Theta Pi Fraternity House #1, Northside, Berkeley, CA1893-1894BerkeleyCA
Braley-Grote Building, Oakland, CA1908OaklandCA
Brown, Arthur, Jr., and Jessamine, House, Hillsborough, CA1925
Brown, Arthur, Sr., House, Oakland, CA1910OaklandCA
California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco, CA1926-1928San FranciscoCA
Campbell, Donald, Double House, San Francisco, CA1909San FranciscoCA
City and County of San Francisco, City Hall #5, San Francisco, CA1912-1915San FranciscoCA
City of Berkeley, City Hall #2, Berkeley, CA1908-1909BerkeleyCA
City of Paris Dry Goods Company, Department Store #5, Union Square, San Francisco, CA 1906-1907San FranciscoCA
City of Pasadena, City Hall #2, Civic Center, Pasadena, CA1925-1927PasadenaCA
Clark, Charles W., House, Pebble Beach, CA1925-1926Pebble BeachCA
Coit, Lillie Hitchcock, Tower, Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, CA1933San FranciscoCA
Crocker, William Willard, House #2, Hillsborough, CA1929-1930HillsboroughCA
Episcopal Diocese of Olympia, Saint Mark's Episcopal Cathedral #2, Capitol Hill, Seattle, WA1926-1930SeattleWA
Gallois Building, San Francisco, CA1910San FranciscoCA
Hammer, George, House, Oakland, CA1908OaklandCA
Hopkins, Timothy, House, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Hutchinson, J.S., House, San Francisco, CA1906San FranciscoCA
Interstate Commerce Commission Building, Washington, D.C.WashingtonDC
Josselyn, Charles, Building, San Francisco, CA1909-1910San FranciscoCA
Key System, Oakland Substation, Oakland, CA1937OaklandCA
Leimart, Walter, House, Piedmont, CA1908-1909PiedmontCA
Macdonald, A.D., House, Oakland, CA1907OaklandCA
Mann Hotel, San Francisco, CA1908San FranciscoCA
Martens, Frank C., House, Oakland, CA1908OaklandCA
McBean, Atholl, House, Woodside, CAWoodsideCA
McKee, S.B., House, Oakland, CA1908OaklandCA
Mellon, Andrew W., Auditorium, Washington, DCWashingtonDC
Meyer, John Henry, House #2, Menlo Park, CA1920Menlo ParkCA
Miller, Henry East, House, Oakland, CA1910OaklandCA
Miller, H.M., Apartment Building, San Francisco, CA1908-1909San FranciscoCA
Pacific Gas and Electric Company (P, G & E), Headquarters Building, San Francisco, CA1924-1926San FranciscoCA
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (PPIE), Palace of Horticulture, San Francisco, CA1913-1915San FranciscoCA
Parisian Dyeing and Cleaning Works, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Perry, Mrs. L.D., House, Piedmont, CA1907PiedmontCA
Price, Mrs. Hugh, House, Burlingame, CA1907BurlingameCA
Regents of the University of California, Office Building, South of Market, San Francisco, CA 1910-1911San FranciscoCA
Rothermel, George, House, San Francisco, CA1906San FranciscoCA
Sacramento Valley Irrigation Company, Offices1910
Sanburn, Elizabeth, House, San Francisco, CA1908-1909San FranciscoCA
San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Yerba Buena Island Substation, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center, War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco, CA1932
San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center, War Memorial Veterans' Building, San Francisco, CA1922-1932San FranciscoCA
Sloat, John D., Monument, Monterey, CA1907MontereyCA
Stanford University, Branner Hall, Stanford, CA1922-1923StanfordCA
Stanford University, Encina Commons, Stanford, CA1923StanfordCA
Stanford University, Encina Gymnasium, Stanford, CA 1915StanfordCA
Stanford University, Green, Cecil H., Graduate Research Library, Stanford, CA1919StanfordCA
Stanford University, Hoover Institution of War, Revolution, and Peace, Hoover Tower, Stanford, CA1940-1941StanfordCA
Stanford University, Memorial Auditorium, Stanford, CAStanfordCA
Stanford University, Stadium #1, Stanford, CA 1921StanfordCA
Stanford University, Student Union #1, Old Union, Stanford, CAStanfordCA
Stanford University, Toyon Hall, Stanford, CA1922-1923StanfordCA
State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Highways, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge #11933-1936
State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Highways, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Firehouse, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, CA1936San FranciscoCA
State of California, Department of Transportation (Caltrans), San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Electric Railway Terminal Building, South of Market, San Francisco, CA 1937-1939San FranciscoCA
Sterling Street Substation, San Francisco, CASan FranciscoCA
Temple Emanu-El #2, San Francisco, CA1926San FranciscoCA
Tucker, M.E., House, Alameda, CA1908AlamedaCA
United States Government, Federal Office Building #1, San Francisco, CA1936San FranciscoCA
United States Government, Federal Triangle Buildings, Washington, DC1932-1934WashingtonDC
University of California, Berkeley, Sproul Hall, Berkeley, CA1940-1942BerkeleyCA
University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Bancroft Library #3, Berkeley, CA1948-1949BerkeleyCA
Van Antwerp, William Clarkson, House, Burlingame, CABurlingameCA
Walker, Talbot, House, San Francisco, CA1908San FranciscoCA
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