AKA: State of California, Agnews Asylum, Agnews, CA

Structure Type: built works - public buildings - health and welfare buildings

Designers: Lenzen, Theodore, Architect (firm); Theodore Lenzen (architect/building contractor)

Dates: constructed 1887-1889, demolished 1906

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Building History

The California State Legislature appropriated money for an asylum for the mentally ill at Agnews, CA, in 1885. The new $750,000 facility first accepted patients in 1888 and was completed fully in 1889. At its peak, the hospital served 900. Its front facade measured 750 feet across. A central tower was flanked by two wings, one containing a men's ward, the other for women.


The San Francisco Earthquake of 04/18/1906 destroyed the unreinforced masonry structure of the Agnews Facility, killing 112 and injuring approximately 70.

PCAD id: 16863