AKA: Portola Packing Company Cannery, Monterey, CA; Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, CA

Structure Type: built works - industrial buildings - factories

Designers: Esherick, Homsey, Dodge, and Davis (EHDD) (firm); Charles M. Davis (architect); Peter Hampton Dodge (architect); Joseph Esherick Jr. (architect); George Homsey (architect)

Dates: [unspecified]

Monterey, CA

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Located on Cannery Row.

Knut Hovden's Cannery produced canned sardines and squid from 1916 until its closure in 1973, and was the largest operating on what was known (by John Steinbeck and others) as "Cannery Row" in Monterey, CA; production dropped from a high of 250,000 tons in the 1940s until the Monterey Bay fishery was exhausted in the early 1970s. At its height, Hovden's Cannery employed about 4,000 people. In its last years of operation, the Portola Packing Company ran the plant. Four marine biologists working at Stanford University's Hopkins Marine Station first proposed the idea of renovating the vacant, neighboring Hovden Cannery into an aquarium showcasing the Monterey Bay ecosystem in 1977. Between 1977-1984, Charles Davis of Esherick Homsey Dodge and Davis, Architects, supervised the design and reconstruction of the Hovden Cannery into the Monterey Bay Aquarium; Davis worked with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation which received its $55 million funding from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.

The Monterey Bay Aquarium opened on 10/20/1984.

EHDD supervised construction of the Outer Bay Wing and its one-million-gallon tank between 1993-1996 and a $10 million restoration effort c. 2003.

Much of the sprawling Hovden Cannery was demolished to make room for the Aquarium. Architects salvaged building materials for re-use in the new aquarium. The existing boilerhouse and warehouse facing David Avenue were re-used, and the pumphouse was repurposed to pump in not sardines but sea water.

PCAD id: 6126