AKA: Golden Gate Bridge Highway and Transportation District, Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, CA

Structure Type: built works - infrastructure - transportation structures - bridges

Designers: Barrett and Hilp, Contractors (firm); Morrow and Morrow, Architects (firm); Strauss, Joseph, Civil Engineer (firm); J. Frank Barrett (building contractor); John Eberson (architect); Charles Alton Ellis (engineer); Harold Hilp Sr. (building contractor); Leon Moisseiff (civil engineer); Gertrude Comfort Morrow (architect); Irving Foster Morrow (architect); Michael Maurice O'Shaughnessy (civil engineer); Joseph Baermann Strauss (civil engineer)

Dates: constructed 1933-1937

Building History

Construction on the bridge began 01/05/1933. At 8,981 feet long, the Golden Gate was the longest bridge of its time, built when large public works were needed to help stimulate the economy and to provide jobs. Its length was later superseded in the U.S. by the Mackinac Island Bridge and Verrazano Narrows Bridge. The Golden Gate Bridge opened to the public, Thursday, 05/27/1937, joining San Francisco, CA, and Marin County, CA. A Golden Gate Bridge Fiesta, organized by San Francisco architect Arthur M. Brown, Jr., (1874-1957) and others, was celebrated between 05/27/1937-06/02/1937, marking the completion of the span.

Chief Engineer Joseph B. Strauss, had a staff of architects with whom he could consult; these included: Clifford E. Paine (Principal Assistant Engineer), Russell Cone (Resident Engineer), O.H. Ammann (Consulting Engineer from New York), Professor Charles Derleth, Jr., (Consulting Engineer from the University of California, Berkeley), Professor Andrew C. Lawson (Consulting Geologist from the University of California, Berkeley) and Leon S. Moisseiff (Consulting Engineer, from New York).

The Barrett and Hilp Construction Company of San Francisco completed the Golden Gate Bridge's toll plaza and anchorages.

The Golden Gate International Exposition (GGIE) occurred in 1939, drawing further attention to the Golden Gate and San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridges' completion.

Building Notes

Funds to build the bridge were raised in six California counties comprising the Golden Gate Bridge District: the City and County of San Francisco, Marin, Sonoma, and Del Norte Counties, as well as parts of Napa and Mendocino Counties.

PCAD id: 1065